Exchange: Confusing Categories, Shifting Targets

October 2013

Staffan Lindberg replies to Matthijs Bogaards’s critique, finding the latter’s methodology problematic and arguing that the evidence for association between repeated elections and democratization remains strong.

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Kenya’s 2013 Elections: Choosing Peace over Democracy

July 2013
In March 2013, Kenyans took to the polls in what turned out to be another disputed election. Why did the peace hold this time, unlike in 2007, and what are the implications for democracy in Kenya?
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Kenya’s 2013 Elections: Technology Is Not Democracy

July 2013
In an effort to avoid repeating the 2007 electoral debacle, Kenya’s election commission turned to technology, but its high-tech voter-registration and vote-count processes fell short. Its experience has important lessons both for emerging democracies and for international donors.
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African Elections: Two Divergent Trends

July 2012

Regular elections have become a fixture of political life throughout sub-Saharan Africa, but there are now “two Africas” in this regard: one where elections bring the blessings of greater political openness and competition, and another where elections are, in effect, one more tool that authoritarians use to retain power.

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Oil, Politics, and Ghana’s Democracy

July 2012

Ghana has won praise for its steady progress toward democratic consolidation,  in late 2010 it joined the ranks of the world’s oil producers. Will the  democratic institutions be able to resist the “resource curse”?

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