The Three Regions of the Old Soviet Bloc

January 2017

Today, there are three parts of the old Soviet bloc—one is democratic, another is wholly authoritarian, and a third “intermediate” group is caught between two worlds. This last should be the main focus of Western assistance.

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The Specter Haunting Europe: Populism and Protest in Poland

October 2016

Once the poster child for successful postcommunist transitions to democracy, Poland is now governed by populist nationalists. What happened?

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The Specter Haunting Europe: Surging Illiberalism in the East

October 2016

The crisis of liberal democracy is Europe-wide, but it has assumed an especially intense form in Central and Eastern Europe.

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The Assault on Postcommunist Courts

July 2016

A number of countries in East-Central Europe are facing a grave crisis of constitutional democracy. As their governments seek to undermine the institutional limits on their power, constitutional courts have become a central target.

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What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? The Fading Mirage of the “Liberal Consensus”

January 2016

Across East-Central Europe, the political center ground has long been characterized by the uneasy cohabitation of liberal and illiberal norms, but the latter have been gradually overpowering the former.

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