Lessons from Afghanistan and Iraq

July 2010

After almost ten years of complex and costly efforts to build democracy in these two countries, where do things stand? What lay behind the critical choices that shaped events in these places, and what are their current prospects for success?

PDF icon Khalilzad-21-3.pdf
MORE

In Praise of Václav Havel

July 2010

A tribute to Václav Havel, Czech playwright and former dissident, who became not only president but the symbol of the “velvet revolutions.”

MORE

Twenty Years of Postcommunism: Freedom and the State

January 2010

This is a central problem—perhaps the central problem—for classical liberal theory and its crucial distinction between the state of nature and the civil state. Which is better for liberty: nature or the state?

MORE

Twenty Years of Postcommunism: What's the Matter With Russia?

January 2010

The author analyses the confluence of several elements that helped to set Russia’s course: the influence of history; the challenges of the transformation process itself; the importance of leadership; and the role of the West.

MORE

Democratization by Elections? Postcommunist Ambiguities

July 2009

Since 1996, eight postcommunist authoritarian rulers have been ousted by “electoral revolutions.” Why have these not succeeded in other postcommunist countries?

MORE

Pages