The articles listed below are freely available to download. All files require Adobe Reader to view.
East European communists inherited the Bolshevik obsession with represing
any genuinely independent civil society groups.
The Arab experience shows that the same media that facilitate the toppling of dictators can make it harder to build democracy.How the Media Trashed the Transitions
A few years ago, Europe’s most important intergovernmental human-rights institution, the Council of Europe, crossed over to the dark side. Like Dorian Gray, the dandy in Oscar Wilde’s story of moral decay, it sold its soul. And as with Dorian Gray, who retained his good looks, the inner decay of the Council of Europe remains hidden from view.Europe and Azerbaijan: The End of Shame
Rwanda under Paul Kagame has been hailed for its visionary leadership, economic progress, and reforms in education, health, and agriculture. Yet the regime’s autocratic rule, human-rights abuses, persecution of the Hutu majority, and growing inequality point to an ominous future.Rwanda: Progress or Powder Keg?
Favored by global conditions that lean their way, authoritarians have been busy over the last decade coming up with new and inventive ways to thwart the global advance of democracy and human rights.Authoritarianism Goes Global: Countering Democratic Norms
The impulse to have crimes against humanity investigated and punished, like the impulse behind “truth and reconciliation” commissions, is understandable. But legalism cannot supersede the hard and messy work of politics.Transitional Justice and Its Discontents
Why do some hybrid regimes remain stable over time, while others become more authoritarian? Venezuela’s autocratic turn has been driven by the ruling party’s declining electoral fortunes and by a foreign policy that has shielded it from international scrutiny.The Authoritarian Resurgence: Autocratic Legalism in Venezuela