The Specter Haunting Europe: The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order

Article
October 2016

What some had thought would be the “end of history” has instead turned out to be the “new world disorder.” Democratic liberalism may have no new ideological rival, but older identities are powerfully reasserting themselves.

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? Liberalism’s Failure to Deliver

Article
January 2016

Is democracy in East-Central Europe suffering because of a lack of liberal zeal among elites, as Dawson and Hanley contend, or is it because
liberal policies have failed to deliver on their promises?

From Politics to Protest

Article
October 2014
The protests that have been erupting around the world may signal the twilight of both the idea of revolution and the notion of political reformism.

European Disintegration? A Fraying Union

Article
October 2012

Contrary to the expectations of some democratic theorists, the EU will not collapse because of the “democratic deficit” of European institutions. Nor will it be saved by the democratic mobilization of civil society. Paradoxically, it is widespread disillusionment with democracy—the shared belief that national governments are powerless in the face of global markets—that may be the best hope for reconciling the growing tension between the goal of further European integration and the goal of deepening democracy in Europe.

Putinism Under Siege: An Autopsy of Managed Democracy

Article
July 2012

Although they have quieted down as quickly as they flared up, the clamorous protests that followed the dishonest Russian legislative elections in December 2011 have essentially destroyed Putin’s regime, the infamous “managed democracy.” 

Paradoxes of the New Authoritarianism

Article
April 2011

Why are the unfree regimes of the former Soviet world proving so durable? A lack of ideology and—perhaps surprisingly—a degree of openness are proving to be not so much problems for authoritarianism as bulwarks of it.

Twenty Years of Postcommunism: Deepening Dissatisfaction

Article
January 2010

Today, twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, there is a growing ambiguity about the historical significance of 1989 and about the state of democracy in Europe (particularly Central Europe).

Is East-Central Europe Backsliding? The Strange Death of the Liberal Consensus

Article
October 2007

The paradox of East-Central Europe is that the rise of populism is an outcome not of the failures but of the successes of postcommunist liberalism.
*This is a corrected text of the print and original online version of this essay, which lacked proper citation for some of its sources. This is the only version that should be used for citation or further dissemination.

New Threats to Freedom: Democracy's "Doubles"

Article
April 2006

From Putin's Russia to Chávez's Venezuela, regimes that claim to be democracies but act like autocracies are emerging as a major long-term threat to freedom.

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