The Specter Haunting Europe: Surging Illiberalism in the East

Article
October 2016

The crisis of liberal democracy is Europe-wide, but it has assumed an especially intense form in Central and Eastern Europe.

Hungary’s Illiberal Turn: How Things Went Wrong

Article
July 2012

How has Hungary, initially seen as a leading postcommunist success story, fallen into its current troubles?

In Praise of Václav Havel

Article
July 2010

A tribute to Václav Havel, Czech playwright and former dissident, who became not only president but the symbol of the “velvet revolutions.”

Twenty Years of Postcommunism: In Search of A New Model

Article
January 2010

In the twenty years since 1989, acute excitement over democratic transition and consolidation gave way to symptoms of “democracy fatigue” and elite exhaustion; successful economic transition away from state socialism fell victim to a crisis of the free-market model; and the EU’s transformative power has reached its geopolitical limits. The nations of Central and Eastern Europe successfully imitated a model that is now in crisis. Like the rest of the world, they currently find themselves in search of a new democratic paradigm.

Is East-Central Europe Backsliding? From Democracy Fatigue to Populist Backlash

Article
October 2007

The populist backlash against corruption, the CEE transition-era elites, and the liberal consensus has led to a democratic crisis, but does not portend systemic change.

Europe Moves Eastward: Concluding Reflections

Article
January 2004

The fall of the Berlin Wall gave East Europeans a euphoric sense that they were about to give European democacy a new direction. But as many of their countries prepare to join the EU, little has worked out as expected in those heady days.

Eastern Europe: The International Context

Article
April 2000

Nowhere else has the impact of international factors on democratization been as apparent as in Central and Eastern Europe. Integration into European and Euro-Atlantic structures is one particularly strong democratizing force.

The Postcommunist Divide

Article
January 1999