The Authoritarian Resurgence: Autocratic Legalism in Venezuela

Article
April 2015

Why do some hybrid regimes remain stable over time, while others become more authoritarian? Venezuela’s autocratic turn has been driven by the ruling party’s declining electoral fortunes and by a foreign policy that has shielded it from international scrutiny.

Manipulating Term Limits in Latin America

Article
October 2014

More and more Latin American countries have sought to relax or even eliminate presidential term limits. What are the consequences for democracy?

Latin America: A Setback for Chávez

Article
January 2011

Hugo Chávez has been running a bounded competitive-authoritarian regime for some time, but its ability to compete is now slipping. Will this tend to make it less authoritarian—or even more so?

Venezuela: Crowding Out the Opposition

Article
April 2007

President Hugo Cháez's regime demonstrates how a public desire for change plus state resources can be exploited to undermine democracy.