Two Traditions of Liberalism

Article
January 2017

A review of The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty: A View from Europe by João Carlos Espada.

The Specter Haunting Europe: The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order

Article
October 2016

What some had thought would be the “end of history” has instead turned out to be the “new world disorder.” Democratic liberalism may have no new ideological rival, but older identities are powerfully reasserting themselves.

The Struggle for Subnational Democracy

Article
March 2016
Ten of the world’s twelve largest countries are “electoral democracies.” Yet a look at politics beneath the national level reveals patterns of illiberalism that mark out a new frontier for democratic research and activism.

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? Liberalism’s Failure to Deliver

Article
January 2016

Is democracy in East-Central Europe suffering because of a lack of liberal zeal among elites, as Dawson and Hanley contend, or is it because
liberal policies have failed to deliver on their promises?

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? The Fading Mirage of the “Liberal Consensus”

Article
January 2016

Across East-Central Europe, the political center ground has long been characterized by the uneasy cohabitation of liberal and illiberal norms, but the latter have been gradually overpowering the former.

After the Arab Spring: Are Secular Parties the Answer?

Article
October 2015

A close look at secular parties in the Middle East today raises doubts about whether they are ready for prime time.

Comment on Møller: The Importance of Equality

Article
June 2015

It is fine to acknowledge the importance of law-based rule to the eventual rise of modern democracy, but we must not overlook the even greater contribution of the idea of equality.

The Medieval Roots of Democracy

Article
June 2015

Europe in the Middle Ages was hardly democratic, but it did have law-based institutions that could and did stay the hands of kings, laying a crucial basis for future state-building and democracy-building alike.

The Crisis of Liberalism

Article
January 2014

Liberalism as a governing order is barely two centuries old. A response to the great alternatives presented by Europe’s political history, it represents a unique synthesis of the ancient and the modern. But globalization has cast a deep shadow across liberalism’s future.

Egypt: Why Liberalism Still Matters

Article
January 2013

Egypt’s liberals, though they do not dominate political life and perhapsnever will, remain a crucial force in shaping the country’s politics.

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