The Pipe Dream of Undemocratic Liberalism

Article
July 2017

A look at liberal democracy’s complex historical evolution shows that elite fantasies of liberalism without democracy are ill-founded. Authoritarian legacies and democratic deficits lie at the core of trends that threaten liberal rights.

The 2016 U.S. Election: The Populist Moment

Article
April 2017

Rising populism in the U.S. and beyond is calling into question the liberal-democratic bargain that has defined the postwar era. What led to Americans’ present revolt against elites, and what are its implications?

Two Traditions of Liberalism

Article
January 2017

A review of The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty: A View from Europe by João Carlos Espada.

The Specter Haunting Europe: The Unraveling of the Post-1989 Order

Article
October 2016

What some had thought would be the “end of history” has instead turned out to be the “new world disorder.” Democratic liberalism may have no new ideological rival, but older identities are powerfully reasserting themselves.

The Struggle for Subnational Democracy

Article
March 2016
Ten of the world’s twelve largest countries are “electoral democracies.” Yet a look at politics beneath the national level reveals patterns of illiberalism that mark out a new frontier for democratic research and activism.

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? Liberalism’s Failure to Deliver

Article
January 2016

Is democracy in East-Central Europe suffering because of a lack of liberal zeal among elites, as Dawson and Hanley contend, or is it because
liberal policies have failed to deliver on their promises?

What’s Wrong with East-Central Europe? The Fading Mirage of the “Liberal Consensus”

Article
January 2016

Across East-Central Europe, the political center ground has long been characterized by the uneasy cohabitation of liberal and illiberal norms, but the latter have been gradually overpowering the former.

After the Arab Spring: Are Secular Parties the Answer?

Article
October 2015

A close look at secular parties in the Middle East today raises doubts about whether they are ready for prime time.

Comment on Møller: The Importance of Equality

Article
June 2015

It is fine to acknowledge the importance of law-based rule to the eventual rise of modern democracy, but we must not overlook the even greater contribution of the idea of equality.

The Medieval Roots of Democracy

Article
June 2015

Europe in the Middle Ages was hardly democratic, but it did have law-based institutions that could and did stay the hands of kings, laying a crucial basis for future state-building and democracy-building alike.

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