ELECTION RESULTS (June 1990-September 1990)
Ecuador: Opponents of President Rodrigo Borja Cevallos and his Democratic Left (ID) emerged as the victors in balloting on June 17 for 60 of the 72 seats in the unicameral National Chamber of Representatives. The right-of-center Social Christian Party of former president León Febres Cordero won 16.4 percent of the vote and 16 seats, followed by ID with 12.2 percent of the vote and 14 seats.
Mongolia: The ruling Communist Party won majorities in both houses of the Mongolian parliament in voting on July 29, taking 85 percent of the seats in the Great Hural, which meets only about once a year, and 60 percent in the Small Hural, the standing legislature. Five newly formed opposition parties, legal only since May, charged the government with intimidation in some rural areas. Nonetheless, the elections were generally viewed as fair, and opposition leaders hailed the balloting as the beginning of democracy in Mongolia.
São Tomé & Príncipe: On August 22, voters almost unanimously approved a new constitution calling for a multiparty system.
UPCOMING ELECTIONS (October 1990-September 1991)
Barbados: parliamentary, May 1991 (no date set)
Brazil: legislative, 3 October 1990 [End Page 126]
Cape Verde: legislative, early 1991
Côte d’Ivoire: legislative/presidential, October 1990 (no date set)
El Salvador: legislative, 17 March 1991
Gabon: legislative, 1990 (no date set)
Guatemala: legislative/presidential, 4 November 1990
Guyana: legislative/presidential, by May 1991
Haiti: presidential/legislative, 4 November 1990
Kiribati: parliamentary, May t991 (no date set)
Malaysia: parliamentary, by October 1991
Mozambique: legislative/presidential, July 1991 (no date set)
Nepal: parliamentary, April 1991 (no date set)
Pakistan: parliamentary, 24 October 1990
São Tomé & Príncipe: legislative, October 1990 (no date set) presidential, November 1990 (no date set)
Somalia: parliamentary, 1 February 1991
Western Samoa: parliamentary, February 1991 (no date set)
Election Watch provides reports of recently decided and upcoming elections in developing nations and the communist world. Elections in nondemocratic nations are included when they exhibit a significant element of genuine competition or, in the case of upcoming elections, when they represent an important test of progress toward democracy. The data in Election Watch are provided by the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), 1620 I Street, NW, Suite 61 I, Washington, D.C. 20006. [End Page 127]