The remarkable events of April and May 1989 revealed the degree to which civil society has reemerged in Communist China. The ruthless campaign of suppression that began on June 4 revealed in turn the degree to which the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) remains unwilling and unable to accept the reality of nascent civil society in China.
Tiananmen and Beyond: The Resurgence of Civil Society in China
Issue Date Winter 1990
Page Numbers 18-31