Herman Schwartz

Herman Schwartz, professor at the Washington College of Law of the American University in Washington, D.C., has advised numerous postcommunist countries on constitutional and human rights reform. This essay is a condensed version of a chapter in The Self-Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, edited by Andreas Schedler, Larry Diamond, and Marc F. Plattner (Lynne Rienner, 1999). Used with permission of the publisher.