Kennedy Ochieng’ Opalo

Kennedy Ochieng’ Opalo is a doctoral candidate in political science at Stanford University. His research interests include the political economy of development, legislative development in Sub-Saharan Africa, citizen-leadership accountability mechanisms, and ethnic politics.

July 2012, Volume 23, Issue 3

African Elections: Two Divergent Trends

Regular elections have become a fixture of political life throughout sub-Saharan Africa, but there are now “two Africas” in this regard: one where elections bring the blessings of greater political openness and competition, and another where elections are, in effect, one more tool that authoritarians use to retain power.